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1743 - Phillip Stanhope, Earl of Chesterfield

This rococo style bronze medal is one of the London series issued by Jacques-Antoine Dassier in 1743 (MI ii 582/222). In 1715, Philip Dormer Stanhope entered the House of Commons as Lord Stanhope of Shelford. In 1716, Lord Stanhope lived in Paris where he sent valuable information about the Jacobite plot to the government; and in 1716 he returned to Britain. On his return and the death of his father, Stanhope, now 4th Earl Chesterfield, entered the House of Lords where the orator met with acceptance and success. Chesterfield's tact and temper, dexterity and discrimination, enabled him to do good diplomatic service, for which he was rewarded with Robert Walpole's friendship, the Order of the Garter in 1730, and the position of Lord Steward. In 1742, Prime Minister Walpole fell, and was followed by Carteret. Chesterfield remained in opposition and distinguishing himself by the courtly bitterness of his attacks on George II. In 1743, a new journal, Old England; or, the Constitutional Journal appeared. Chesterfield wrote under the name of "Jeffrey Broadbottom". In 1744, the king was compelled to abandon Carteret, and the coalition called, "The Broad Bottom" party, led by Chesterfield and Pitt, came into office. The diameter of the medal is 55 mm and the condition Extremely Fine.
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